Do Iran's New Space Launchers Violate International Law? - 01-17


On Jan. 3, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo issued a preemptive warning to Iran, stating that its development of three space-launch vehicles “demonstrate[s] Iran’s defiance of UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2231”—the 2015 resolution endorsing the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) or “Iran deal”—on the grounds that the technology used in space-launch vehicles is “virtually identical to that used in ballistic missiles, including in intercontinental ballistic-missiles (ICBMs),” which Security Council Resolution 2231 allegedly prohibits. Shortly thereafter, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif tweeted the following: