India-China Competition: Dueling Ports - 03-26


“In the present day friendly, though foreign, ports are to be found all over the world and their shelter is enough while peace prevails. It was not always so, nor does peace always endure.” These words are from Alfred Thayer Mahan’s 1890 influential work, The Influence of Sea Power upon History. Effective during peace and war, maritime ports serve as hubs for trade, logistics, and naval forces. With Sino-Indian competition increasing, India and China seek maritime port agreements in their rival’s neighborhood. While China enjoys influence in the South Asian maritime ports of Sri Lanka and Pakistan, India has reciprocal Southeast Asian port opportunities in Indonesia and Vietnam.